10th May, 2018
By Yunusa Abdullahi
According to Oral tradition, Nunguraya or Lunguda people are believed to have came from Gimai, they claimed to have come from East , Nyanal or Nyawai that is Yemen through Sudan to Borno Kingdom.
Nunguraya or Lunguda is a tribe living in Adamawa and Gombe States of North Eastern part of Nigeria .Before the advent of British Colonial administration, the Lunguda Community occupied the entire West Bank of River Gongola, the River that former Gongola state derives it's name.
Their neibouring Tribes, Dera popularly known as Kanakuru occupied the Eastern bank. In the North it is on a boundary with Shani Local Government in Borno state, and in the South it is bounded with Numan and Lamurde Local Government Areas while in the West it is bounded by Balanga Local Government in Gombe state.
However, the name Nunguraya or Lunguda for the Tribe is a derivation from the word Nungir, which is a verb that means to be very near, very close to some one or following some one very close, it is from this word that the people called themselves "Nungiraba" i.e people that are very close to each other. Hardly can you have a Lunguda months to is not very close to one another, they are so interwoven with each other.
The Nunguraya People have 10 paternal clans and 10 maternal clans and these clans are related to each other, that is the reason why Lunguda people are very close to each other.
Also, a Lunguda man considers marriage as a very important aspect of life, they uphold chastity more seriously among women. If a young man marries a young woman and found her not virgin, it I was considering as serious matter ,so also any man who refuses to marry is also considered as half man.
Professionals, Hunting had been an important aspect of the Lunguda culture, it was the source of getting food for the family, Hunting is a work of a man to provide meat for his family. However, hunting has a season. They quits hunting and engage into complete farming during the rainy season to get himself food ,while in the Dry season, they engage in hunting, but as a hobby.
There is usually a ceremony that is performed which is called "Nyal - Haula " while the Lunguda on the low land call itv" Mam -Swama " . Thee two words are compound words " Nyal " means month or word standing for declaration or voicing out some words and 'hawa ' means hunting, the two words means ' hunting declared ' .
In Lunguda culture, killing a Lion, Leopard or Unicon calls for a very big celebration because a big animal has been killed, the meat of such animal would be shared among many families, villages, and Towns.
A special feast is usually celebrated where people would be invited for the celebration. At the end of Hunting season, hunters would converged at a certain place in the evening where Wrestling would be performed which is called "Bworgewa" and do the last Wrestling for the year which marks the end of the Hunting period and Wrestling period of the year.
Festivities in Lunguda culture varies from one village to another but there are some villages that celebrates at the same time .the Villages are : Gugu, Kwadaidai, Banjiram, Lakumna, Purokayo, Lokoro, Guyuk, Mada, and Bodeno. Others are Gunda , Boshikiri, Jiu, Zakawen, and Chikila among others
More festivals performed by Nunguraya People of Guyuk Local Government Area includes, Sillalama, Nyal - Haula, Zimbarka, Zwim-Kwayewa,and Zun-Tsumwe.
This is a brief on the festivities in Lunguda land where Nunguraya value their cultural heritage so much.